Spray water to deter birds from ponds
Overall effectiveness category Unlikely to be beneficial
Number of studies: 1
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Supporting evidence from individual studies
A replicated study from Älvkarleby municipality, Sweden (Svensson 1976), found that a rotator device for protecting small, circular fish ponds from gulls and terns deterred birds. Increased water pressure and intermittent spraying (instead of continuous) increased effectiveness but birds often became accustomed to the spray.Study and other actions tested
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This Action forms part of the Action Synopsis:Bird Conservation
Bird Conservation - Published 2013