Provide shelter habitat against highly adverse weather conditions
Overall effectiveness category No evidence found (no assessment)
Number of studies: 0
Background information and definitions
Climate change is increasing the frequency and intensity of storms and flooding. Such severe weather events pose a threat to the survival of butterflies and moths in all of their four life stages (Joy & Pullin 1997, 1999). Shelter habitat, which provides protection against extreme weather, may include vegetation or banks to protect against wind and rain, raised sites on free-draining soil to protect against flooding, flood defences to protect against tidal surges, or any other habitat created specifically for protection or shelter.
Joy J. & Pullin A.S. (1997) The effects of flooding on the survival and behaviour of overwintering large heath butterfly Coenonympha tullia larvae. Biological Conservation, 82, 61–66.
Joy J. & Pullin A.S. (1999) Field studies on flooding and survival of overwintering large heath butterfly, Coenonympha tullia, larvae on Fenn’s and Whixall Mosses in Shropshire and Wrexham, UK. Ecological Entomology, 24, 426–431.