Increase ‘on-the-ground’ protection (e.g. rangers)
Overall effectiveness category Unknown effectiveness (limited evidence)
Number of studies: 1
Background information and definitions
This section considers the use of an ‘on-the-ground’ human presence to protect peatlands from immediate threats. This includes rangers or wardens that may patrol peatlands, ensuring legislation and voluntary agreements are followed. It also includes creating teams to directly manage threats e.g. firefighters.
Key peatland types for which this action may be appropriate: bogs, fens/fen meadows, tropical peat swamps.
Supporting evidence from individual studies
A before-and-after study in 2006–2008 in peat swamp forest in Indonesia (CKPP 2008) reported that anti-logging patrols reduced the number of sawmills (associated with illegal logging) in the study area. Before patrols began, 147 sawmills were identified in Katingan Regency, including 102 in active use. After two years of weekly patrols, there were only two sawmills in the area. Patrols involved representatives of the National Park authorities, local communities and non-governmental organizations.Study and other actions tested