Effects of ranger stations on predator and prey distribution and abundance in an Iranian steppe landscape

  • Published source details Ghoddousi A., Kh H.A., Soofi M., Khorozyan I., Kiabi B.H. & Waltert M. (2016) Effects of ranger stations on predator and prey distribution and abundance in an Iranian steppe landscape. Animal Conservation, 19, 273-280


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Provide/increase anti-poaching patrols

Action Link
Terrestrial Mammal Conservation
  1. Provide/increase anti-poaching patrols

    A study in 2011–2013 in a steppe site in a national park in Iran (Ghoddousi et al. 2015) found that presence of ranger stations, which were bases for anti-poaching patrols, was associated with increased numbers of urial sheep Ovis vignei and Persian leopards Panthera pardus saxicolor. The density of urial sheep decreased with increasing distance from ranger station. This distance was also the best predictor of sheep flock sizes, which were larger closer to ranger stations. Leopards were also more likely to be found closer to ranger stations, though leopard abundance was best explained by urial sheep density. Results were presented as model coefficients. Urial sheep numbers and distribution were determined by distance sampling, along 186 km of line transects, surveyed from 22 January–19 February 2013, 15 August–8 September 2013 and 21–24 February 2014. Leopards were surveyed using 29 camera traps in January–March 2011.

    (Summarised by: Nick Littlewood)

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