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Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Conservation education program for threatened Asian horseshoe crabs: A step towards reducing community apathy to environmental conservation

Published source details

Kwan B.K.Y., Cheung J.H.Y., Law A.C.K., Cheung S.G. & Shin P.K.S. (2017) Conservation education program for threatened Asian horseshoe crabs: A step towards reducing community apathy to environmental conservation. Journal for Nature Conservation, 35, 53-65


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Provide educational or other training programmes about the marine environment to improve behaviours towards marine invertebrates Subtidal Benthic Invertebrate Conservation

A replicated, before-and-after study in 2009–2016 of 96 secondary schools in Hong Kong (Kwan et al. 2017) found that a 14-month-long conservation education programme improved students’ behaviour towards Asian horseshoe crab Tachypleus tridentatus conservation. The programme increased students’ behaviour towards horseshoe crab conservation by 21%. This included a 43% increase in students promoting horseshoe crab conservation to relatives and friends, a 5% increase in students themselves promoting horseshoe crab conservation, and a 15% increase in their willingness-to-pay for conserving Asian horseshoe crabs. The programme also improved their general biology and ecology knowledge of Asian horseshoe crabs by 26% and their perception and awareness towards horseshoe crab conservation by 17%. Between 2009 and 2016, the “Juvenile Horseshoe Crab Rearing Program” took place in 96 schools. Teams of students reared juvenile crabs for 14 months before releasing them into nursery grounds. Before the start and after the end of each programme, students were asked to respond to a set questionnaire regarding their behaviour towards horseshoe crab conservation, knowledge of horseshoe crab biology/ecology and their perception and awareness of horseshoe crab conservation. A total of 1,391 students responded.

(Summarised by Anaëlle Lemasson)