Conservation management of an abandoned copra plantation at Palmyra Atoll, Northern Line Islands, Pacific Ocean

  • Published source details Franklin K., Khalsa M., Hunter S., Kropidlowski S., Carr P. & Wegmann A. (2024) Conservation management of an abandoned copra plantation at Palmyra Atoll, Northern Line Islands, Pacific Ocean . Conservation Evidence, 21, 1-5.


Coconut palms (Cocos nucifera) cultivated for copra are agricultural resources on many of the world’s low-lying tropical oceanic islands where they provide sustenance and economic value to human communities. However, coconut palms, when dominant in island plant communities, can outcompete native plants for above- and below-ground resources. Furthermore, when coconut palms displace native plant species preferred by seabirds as roosting and nesting habitats, they may disrupt beneficial nutrient pathways in both marine and terrestrial ecosystems. At Palmyra Atoll, located in the Northern Line Islands, Pacific Ocean, evaluation of three methods for controlling coconut palm seedlings (foliar herbicide application, cut-stem, and cut-stem combined with herbicide) showed that mortality was highest with the cut-stem combined with herbicide application. A comparison of herbicide volumes injected directly into stems of mature palms showed that mortality increased with herbicide volume; an injection of 10 ml of undiluted Roundup CustomTM herbicide (53.8% glyphosate) achieved 100% mortality within 8 months.

Output references
What Works 2021 cover

What Works in Conservation

What Works in Conservation provides expert assessments of the effectiveness of actions, based on summarised evidence, in synopses. Subjects covered so far include amphibians, birds, mammals, forests, peatland and control of freshwater invasive species. More are in progress.

More about What Works in Conservation

Download free PDF or purchase
The Conservation Evidence Journal

The Conservation Evidence Journal

An online, free to publish in, open-access journal publishing results from research and projects that test the effectiveness of conservation actions.

Read the latest volume: Volume 21

Go to the CE Journal

Discover more on our blog

Our blog contains the latest news and updates from the Conservation Evidence team, the Conservation Evidence Journal, and our global partners in evidence-based conservation.

Who uses Conservation Evidence?

Meet some of the evidence champions

Endangered Landscape ProgrammeRed List Champion - Arc Kent Wildlife Trust The Rufford Foundation Save the Frogs - Ghana Mauritian Wildlife Supporting Conservation Leaders
Sustainability Dashboard National Biodiversity Network Frog Life The international journey of Conservation - Oryx Cool Farm Alliance UNEP AWFA Bat Conservation InternationalPeople trust for endangered species Vincet Wildlife Trust