Implement multi-year or long-term management strategies
Overall effectiveness category Awaiting assessment
Number of studies: 1
Background information and definitions
Commercial fish stocks may be managed annually using reference points or target yields estimated for a single species, the status of which may typically be assessed by separate species. However, the effectiveness of management measures may not occur over a single year so multi-year or long-term management plans may be implemented that may be more effective over time to ensure stocks are sustainable and exploited populations allowed to recover from the effects of overfishing.
Supporting evidence from individual studies
A site comparison study in 2005–2012 of 11 marine areas worldwide (Bundy et al. 2017) found that commercial fisheries managed with multi-year or long-term management plans in place, in addition to a range of other management measures and governance (those with higher “management effectiveness” and quality of governance) had better overall ecological status (sustainable stocks, non-declining exploited species) compared to those typically without long-term objectives (and with “lower effectiveness” and governance). For 11 ecosystems, the ecological status, defined by indicators for sustainable stocks, non-declining exploited species and ecosystem status (health), was greater in ecosystems where management and governance measures for fish stocks were ranked as being high, for example where long-term management plans were in place, in addition to biological reference points being used in assessments, illegal and unreported fishing addressed, and with greater harvesting sector participation, compared with those with lower rankings (data reported as model outputs/statistical results). Data were collected for a total of 27 global ecosystems as part of a large research programme (“IndiSeas” – Indicators for the Seas). Fisheries management effectiveness and governance quality rankings were derived from survey questionnaires completed by 61 experts (fisheries managers and scientists involved in management advice in each of the ecosystems), covering aspects such as management measures/plans, level of fisheries assessments and participation of the harvesting sector. Survey results were then analysed against eight ecological (derived from other IndiSeas outputs) and socio-economic indicators for 11 of the ecosystems, derived (see paper for details of ecosystems, management effectiveness and governance indicators, survey questions, data sources and full methods).Study and other actions tested
Referenced paperBundy A., Chuenpagdee R., Boldt J.L., de Fatima Borges M., Camara M.L., Coll M., Diallo I., Fox C., Fulton E.A., Gazihan A., Jarre A., Jouffre D., Kleisner K.M., Knight B., Link J., Matiku P.P., Masski H., Moutopoulos D.K., Piroddi C., Raid T., Sobrino I., Tam J., Thiao D., Torres M.A., Tsagarakis K., van der Meeren G.I. & Shin Y. (2017) Strong fisheries management and governance positively impact ecosystem status. Fish and Fisheries, 18, 412-439.