Physically exclude vehicles
Overall effectiveness category No evidence found (no assessment)
Number of studies: 0
Background information and definitions
Vehicles such as cars, quad bikes, cycles and airboats can directly damage marsh and swamp vegetation (e.g. Hannaford & Resh 1999; Kelleway 2005). They can also compress and rut soft, wet soils, affecting storage and flow of water which in turn affects vegetation. Waves created by boats and jet skis can increase erosion of lake and sea shores (Bilkovic et al. 2017). Vehicles could be physically excluded from pristine marshes and swamps to prevent damage, or from damaged areas to let them recover. Physical barriers could be fences, fallen trees or areas of water/wet ground.
Related actions: Restrict vehicle use, using non-physical means such as signs or voluntary codes.
Bilkovic D., Mitchell M., Davis J., Andrews E., King A., Mason P., Herman J., Tahvildari N. & Davis J. (2017) Review of Boat Wake Wave Impacts on Shoreline Erosion and Potential Solutions for the Chesapeake Bay. STAC Publication Number 17-002.
Hannaford M.J. & Resh V.H. (1999) Impact of all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) on pickleweed (Salicornia virginica L.) in a San Francisco Bay wetland. Wetlands Ecology and Management, 7, 225–233.
Kelleway J. (2005) Ecological impacts of recreational vehicle use on saltmarshes of the Georges River, Sydney. Wetlands Australia, 22, 52–66.