Action: Install barrier fencing along railways
Key messagesRead our guidance on Key messages before continuing
- One study evaluated the effects on mammals of installing barrier fencing along railways. This study was in Norway.
COMMUNITY RESPONSE (0 STUDIES)
POPULATION RESPONSE (1 STUDY)
- Survival (1 study): A before-and-after study in Norway found that fencing eliminated moose collisions with trains, except at the fence end.
BEHAVIOUR (0 STUDIES)
Collisions with trains can cause substantial numbers of mammal deaths (e.g. Gundersen & Andreassen 1998). Barrier fencing alongside railways may reduce access to railway tracks by mammals and, thus, reduce the number of mammal-train collisions.
Gundersen H. & Andreassen H.P. (1998) The risk of moose Alces alces collision: A predictive logistic model for moose-train accidents. Wildlife Biology, 4, 103–110.
Supporting evidence from individual studies
A before-and-after study in 1985–2003 in forest in southern Norway (Andreassen et al. 2005) found that 1 km of fencing eliminated moose Alces alces collisions with trains along that stretch. The exception was one killed at the fence end. Within the wider study area, there were 0.58 moose/km killed each winter during the study period. In 1995, a 1-km-long wire-mesh fence was erected alongside a railway line. Moose-train collisions along a 100-km stretch of the railway line were recorded from July 1985–April 2003.