Floating pennywort: Biological control using fungal-based herbicides
Overall effectiveness category Awaiting assessment
Number of studies: 0
Background information and definitions
Application of a mass-produced, formulated product made of microorganisms can potentially be used as a means of controlling invasive plants (Gassmann et al. 2006). The US National Fungus Collections Database lists the fungal microorganisms found associated with floating pennywort Hydrocotyle ranunculoides, which include Cercospora hydrocotyles, Entyloma fimbriatum, Entyloma hydrocotyles, Physoderma hydrocotylidis and Puccinia hydrocotyles (Farr & Rossman 2011).
Farr, D. F. & Rossman, A.Y. (2011) Fungal Databases. Systematic Mycology and Microbiology Laboratory, ARS, USDA, USA.
Gassmann A., Cock M.J.W., Shaw R. & Evans H.C. (2006) The potential for biological control of invasive alien aquatic weeds in Europe: a review. Hydrobiologia, 570, 217-222.