Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Assessment of handicaps owing to high input (HIP) farming on the soil macro-invertebrates diversity in sugarcane field

Published source details

Rana N., Rana S.A., Khan H.A. & Sohail A. (2010) Assessment of handicaps owing to high input (HIP) farming on the soil macro-invertebrates diversity in sugarcane field. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Science, 47, 271-278


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Reduce fertilizer, pesticide or herbicide use generally Soil Fertility

A site comparison study in 2007-2009 on silt soils in Faisalabad, Pakistan (Rana et al. 2010) found a higher number of species of large soil invertebrates in low input fields (79 species) compared to high input fields (61 species). Ten acres of sugarcane Saccharum sp. crop were selected in areas using either low chemical input cultivation or high chemical input cultivation (nitrogen (70 kg/acre), phosphorus (50 kg/acre), potassium (70-80 kg/acre), calcium (7 kg/acre), sulphur (12 kg/acre), magnesium (12 kg/acre) and organic fertilizers (2400-3200 kg/acre)), or low chemical input cultivation (using anything less than the high chemical input treatment). Soil samples were taken from three randomly selected areas within 1 acre fields in each system: one on the edge of the field, one under the shade of scrub or trees and one within the field. Soil invertebrates were identified to species.