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Providing evidence to improve practice

Action: Mark fences to reduce bird collision mortality Bird Conservation

Key messages

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A randomised, replicated and controlled study from the UK found that fewer birds collided with deer fence marked with orange netting than with unmarked sections.


Supporting evidence from individual studies


In a randomised, replicated and controlled study at thirteen sites in the Scottish Highlands from April 1995 to May 1997 (Baines & Andrew 2003), significantly fewer birds collided with sections of deer fence marked with orange netting (0.35 collisions/km/month) than with unmarked control sections (1.13 collisions/km/month). A total of 437 birds collided with the fences, 92% of which were gamebirds (red grouse Lagopus lagopus scoticus accounted for 42%, black grouse Tetrao tetrix 29% and western capercaillie  Tetrao urogallus 20%). Collision rates in marked sections were 91% lower for black grouse and 64% lower for capercallie than in control sections. A total of 20 km of ten different fences was tested, with two 1 km stretches of each fence being randomly assigned to treatments.


Referenced papers

Please cite as:

Williams, D.R., Child, M.F., Dicks, L.V., Ockendon, N., Pople, R.G., Showler, D.A., Walsh, J.C., zu Ermgassen, E.K.H.J. & Sutherland, W.J. (2019) Bird Conservation. Pages 141-290 in: W.J. Sutherland, L.V. Dicks, N. Ockendon, S.O. Petrovan & R.K. Smith (eds) What Works in Conservation 2019. Open Book Publishers, Cambridge, UK.