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Providing evidence to improve practice

Action: Provide education or training programmes about peatlands or peatland management Peatland Conservation

Key messages

Read our guidance on Key messages before continuing

  • Two studies evaluated the effects of peatland education/training programmes on knowledge, behaviour, peatland habitats or peatland vegetation. Both studies were in tropical peat swamps.
  • Behaviour change (2 studies): One study in peat swamps in Indonesia reported that over 3,500 households adopted sustainable farming practices following workshops about sustainable farming. One before-and-after study in peat swamps in Indonesia reported that a training course on rubber farming increased the quality of rubber produced by local farmers.

Supporting evidence from individual studies


A study in 2008 in peat swamps in Indonesia (CKPP 2008) reported that workshops with local people encouraged 3,540 households to adopt sustainable farming practices. The study suggests this is a result of changed attitudes towards sustainable farming (but this was not quantified). Workshops were held to identify agricultural and aquacultural practices suited to the local environment but with minimal negative (or even positive) environmental impacts. The workshops involved farmers, government officials, non-governmental organizations, state research institutions and academics.


A before-and-after study in 2010–2013 in peat swamps in Indonesia (KFCP 2014) reported that training local rubber farmers increased the quality of the rubber they produced. No statistical tests were carried out. Once the training was completed, farmers were able to produce rubber with 53% dry rubber content, compared to 45% before the course began. Dry rubber content is a measure of quality, and the higher quality rubber produced after the course fetched higher prices. Between 2010 and 2013, farmers in seven villages received training in rubber farming techniques and economics. The aim was to change the farmers’ knowledge and behaviour, so they produced higher quality rubber, made more money from their existing plantations and had less incentive to cultivate remaining peat swamp forests. Details of the rubber quality measurements were not reported.

Referenced papers

Please cite as:

Taylor N.G., Grillas P. & Sutherland W.J. (2019) Peatland Conservation. Pages 375-438 in: W.J. Sutherland, L.V. Dicks, N. Ockendon, S.O. Petrovan & R.K. Smith (eds) What Works in Conservation 2019. Open Book Publishers, Cambridge, UK.