Top‐down control of rare species abundances by native ungulates in a grassland restoration

  • Published source details Wilsey B.J. & Martin L.M. (2015) Top‐down control of rare species abundances by native ungulates in a grassland restoration. Restoration Ecology, 23, 465-472.


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Sow native grass and forbs

Action Link
Grassland Conservation
  1. Sow native grass and forbs

    A replicated, randomized, paired, controlled study in 2003–2006 in eight prairie restoration sites in Iowa, USA (Wilsey & Martin 2015) found that sowing grass and forb species did not alter plant species richness. Plant species richness did not differ significantly between areas where seeds were sown (10.7 species/plot) and areas where seeds were not sown (9.8 species/plot). In each site, four 1 x 1 m plots were sown with seeds and two plots were not seeded. All plots were burned in April 2005. In 2003–2006, a 1 x 0.4 m quadrat was placed in each plot and species richness estimated by eye.

    (Summarised by: Philip Martin)

Output references
What Works 2021 cover

What Works in Conservation

What Works in Conservation provides expert assessments of the effectiveness of actions, based on summarised evidence, in synopses. Subjects covered so far include amphibians, birds, mammals, forests, peatland and control of freshwater invasive species. More are in progress.

More about What Works in Conservation

Download free PDF or purchase
The Conservation Evidence Journal

The Conservation Evidence Journal

An online, free to publish in, open-access journal publishing results from research and projects that test the effectiveness of conservation actions.

Read the latest volume: Volume 21

Go to the CE Journal

Discover more on our blog

Our blog contains the latest news and updates from the Conservation Evidence team, the Conservation Evidence Journal, and our global partners in evidence-based conservation.

Who uses Conservation Evidence?

Meet some of the evidence champions

Endangered Landscape ProgrammeRed List Champion - Arc Kent Wildlife Trust The Rufford Foundation Save the Frogs - Ghana Mauritian Wildlife Supporting Conservation Leaders
Sustainability Dashboard National Biodiversity Network Frog Life The international journey of Conservation - Oryx Cool Farm Alliance UNEP AWFA Bat Conservation InternationalPeople trust for endangered species Vincet Wildlife Trust