Comparing vegetation and soils of remnant and restored wetland prairies in the northern Willamette Valley
Published source details
Taylor S.M. & Santelmann M.V. (2014) Comparing vegetation and soils of remnant and restored wetland prairies in the northern Willamette Valley. Northwest Science, 88, 329-343
Published source details Taylor S.M. & Santelmann M.V. (2014) Comparing vegetation and soils of remnant and restored wetland prairies in the northern Willamette Valley. Northwest Science, 88, 329-343
This study is summarised as evidence for the following.
Restore/create freshwater marshes or swamps (multiple actions)Action Link
Restore/create freshwater marshes or swamps (multiple actions)
A replicated, site comparison study in 2009–2010 of six wet prairies in Oregon and Washington, USA (Taylor & Santelmann 2014) found that restored prairies contained a different plant community to remnant semi-natural prairies, but had similar richness and cover. Approximately 3–8 years after restoration began, the overall plant community composition significantly differed between restored and remnant prairies (data reported as a graphical analysis). Other vegetation metrics did not significantly differ between restored and remnant prairies. This was true for overall richness (restored: 18–40; remnant: 13–48 taxa/100 m2), native richness (restored: 11–28; remnant: 9–26 taxa/100 m2), native diversity (data reported as a diversity index), overall vegetation cover (restored: 114–164%; remnant: 95–115%), grass cover (restored: 44–108%; remnant: 72–93%) and forb cover (restored: 20–120%; remnant: 2–43%). For data on the abundance of individual plant species, see original paper. Methods: In summer 2009, plant taxa and their cover were recorded in three restored and three remnant seasonally flooded wet prairies (three 100-m2 plots/site, in areas dominated by tufted hairgrass Deschampsia cespitosa). Taxa were also recorded in spring 2010. Restoration of previously drained and “altered” sites involved prescribed burning, annual herbicide application, annual mowing, sowing cover crops and sowing native species (four of these five interventions/site, over 3–8 years). Remnant sites were the best remaining, but not completely undisturbed, wetland prairies in the area. They were also managed with some of the interventions, plus hand weeding.
(Summarised by: Nigel Taylor)