Tree spade transplanting of Spartina pectinata (Link) and Eleocharis macrostachya (Britt.) in a prairie wetland restoration site

  • Published source details Fraser A. & Kindscher K. (2001) Tree spade transplanting of Spartina pectinata (Link) and Eleocharis macrostachya (Britt.) in a prairie wetland restoration site. Aquatic Botany, 71, 297-304.


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Transplant or replace blocks of vegetation: freshwater marshes

Action Link
Marsh and Swamp Conservation
  1. Transplant or replace blocks of vegetation: freshwater marshes

    A study in 1994–1997 in a floodplain wet prairie in Kansas, USA (Fraser & Kindscher 2001) reported >90% survival of transplanted wetland vegetation sods after four growing seasons, and found that the area of surviving sods increased. After four growing seasons, 97 of 107 transplanted sods were still alive. Two sods were confirmed as dead. The other eight sods were not relocated. Surviving sods dominated by prairie cordgrass Spartina pectinata covered 1.6 m2 on average and surviving sods dominated by spikerush Eleocharis macrostachya covered 26 m2 on average. All sods were 0.28 m2 when transplanted. For both species, the final area of sods was affected by elevation/moisture levels (see original paper). Methods: In spring 1994, sods of perennial wet prairie vegetation were cut from a wet prairie using a mechanical tree spade. The sods were placed in a newly created wet prairie site, with similar soils to the donor site, within one hour. Survival of all sods, and the area of 27 cordgrass-dominated and 18 spikerush-dominated sods, were monitored each October between 1994 and 1997.

    (Summarised by: Nigel Taylor)

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