Study

Sediment addition enhances transpiration and growth of smooth cordgrass Spartina alterniflora in deteriorating Gulf Coast salt marshes at Barataria Basin, Louisiana, USA

  • Published source details Pezeshki S.R., DeLaune R.D. & Pardue J.H. (1992) Sediment addition enhances transpiration and growth of Spartina alterniflora in deteriorating Louisiana Gulf Coast salt marshes. Wetlands Ecology and Management, 1, 185-189

Actions

This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Add sediment: brackish/salt marshes

Action Link
Marsh and Swamp Conservation
  1. Add sediment: brackish/salt marshes

    A replicated, randomized, paired, controlled study in 1986–1988 in a subsiding tidal salt marsh in Louisiana, USA (Pezeshki et al. 1992) found that adding sediment increased smooth cordgrass Spartina alterniflora density and biomass. Twenty-two months after the first amendment, plots amended with sediment contained more cordgrass stems (high dose: 50 stems/m2; low dose: 42 stems/m2) than unamended plots (19 stems/m2). The above-ground biomass of smooth cordgrass was also greater in amended plots (high dose: 381 g/m2; low dose: 321 g/m2) than unamended plots (160 g/m2). Methods: In July 1986, twelve 1.44-m2 plots were established (in four sets of three) on a degraded, cordgrass-dominated salt marsh. Four plots received each sediment dose: high (94 kg/m2), low (47 kg/m2) or none. Sediment was dredged river alluvium. Half was added to each amended plot in July 1986 and half in June 1987. In April 1988, vegetation was cut from two 0.25-m2 quadrats/plot, then dried and weighed. This study was based on the same experimental set-up as (1).

    (Summarised by: Nigel Taylor)

Output references

What Works in Conservation

What Works in Conservation provides expert assessments of the effectiveness of actions, based on summarised evidence, in synopses. Subjects covered so far include amphibians, birds, forests, peatland and control of freshwater invasive species. More are in progress.

More about What Works in Conservation

Download free PDF or purchase
The Conservation Evidence Journal

The Conservation Evidence Journal

An online, free to publish in, open-access journal publishing results from research and projects that test the effectiveness of conservation actions.

Read the latest volume: Volume 18

Go to the CE Journal

Discover more on our blog

Our blog contains the latest news and updates from the Conservation Evidence team, the Conservation Evidence Journal, and our global partners in evidence-based conservation.


Who uses Conservation Evidence?

Meet some of the evidence champions

Endangered Landscape Programme Red List Champion - Arc Kent Wildlife Trust The Rufford Foundation Save the Frogs - Ghana Bern wood Supporting Conservation Leaders National Biodiversity Network Sustainability Dashboard Frog Life The international journey of Conservation - Oryx British trust for ornithology Cool Farm Alliance UNEP AWFA Butterfly Conservation People trust for endangered species Vincet Wildlife Trust