Study

Experiences with aversive conditioning of habituated brown bears in Austria and other European countries

  • Published source details Rauer G., Kaczensky P. & Knauer F. (2003) Experiences with aversive conditioning of habituated brown bears in Austria and other European countries. Ursus, 14, 215-224

Actions

This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Use non-lethal methods to deter carnivores from attacking humans

Action Link
Terrestrial Mammal Conservation
  1. Use non-lethal methods to deter carnivores from attacking humans

    A study in 1995–2000 of seven animals across a mixed, but mostly forested, landscape in central Austria (Rauer et al. 2003) found that shooting rubber bullets, chasing, shouting and throwing items to reduce brown bears’ Ursus arctos habituation to humans was partially successful. After 16 aversive conditioning treatments on seven bears, they returned to the site of treatment within <1 day to >6 months. The time to their next observed habituated behaviour (being ≤50 m from an observer and behaving in an indifferent or curious manner) was one week to three years. Aversive treatments, some in combination, included five capture events, 11 discharges of rubber bullets, four uses of cracker shells and two of fireworks and warning shots. Bears were monitored through reported sightings and footprint tracking. Three bears were also tracked using radio-collars and ear transmitters, but these became detached from two bears.

Output references

What Works in Conservation

What Works in Conservation provides expert assessments of the effectiveness of actions, based on summarised evidence, in synopses. Subjects covered so far include amphibians, birds, terrestrial mammals, forests, peatland and control of freshwater invasive species. More are in progress.

More about What Works in Conservation

Download free PDF or purchase
The Conservation Evidence Journal

The Conservation Evidence Journal

An online, free to publish in, open-access journal publishing results from research and projects that test the effectiveness of conservation actions.

Read latest volume: Volume 17

Go to the CE Journal

Subscribe to our newsletter

Please add your details if you are interested in receiving updates from the Conservation Evidence team about new papers, synopses and opportunities.

Who uses Conservation Evidence?

Meet some of the evidence champions

Endangered Landscape Programme Red List Champion - Arc Kent Wildlife Trust The Rufford Foundation Save the Frogs - Ghana Bern wood Supporting Conservation Leaders National Biodiversity Network Sustainability Dashboard Frog Life The international journey of Conservation - Oryx British trust for ornithology Cool Farm Alliance UNEP AWFA Butterfly Conservation People trust for endangered species Vincet Wildlife Trust