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Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Reintroduction success of Persian fallow deer Dama mesopotamica to Nahal Kziv Nature Reserve, upper west Galilee, Israel

Published source details

Bar-David S., Saltz D., Dayan T., Perelberg A. & Dolev A. (2005) Demographic models and reality in reintroductions: Persian fallow deer in Israel. Conservation Biology, 19, 131-138


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Use holding pens at release site prior to release of captive-bred mammals Terrestrial Mammal Conservation

A study in 1996–2001 of a wooded valley in a reserve in the Galilee region, Israel (Bar-David et al. 2005) found that most captive-bred Persian fallow deer Dama mesopotamica kept in holding pens prior to release survived for at least five years and over one-third of females observed 1–3 years after release reproduced. Sixty of 74 (81%) captive-bred deer (13 males, 47 females) survived for at least five years post-release. Six of 15 females observed 1–3 years after release had fawns with them. A total of 124 captive-bred Persian fallow deer were released into the wild in groups of 10–19 deer in the spring and autumn during each of five years in 1996–2000. The deer were held in an 11-ha enclosure for three months before release. Seventy-four deer (57 females, 17 males) were fitted with radio-collars. Released deer were monitored for five years post-release through radio-tracking, video and direct observation.

(Summarised by Ricardo Rocha)