Individual study: Attempts to reintroduce African wild dogs Lycaon pictus into Etosha National Park, Namibia
Scheepers J.L. & Venzke K.A.E. (1995) Attempts to reintroduce African wild dogs Lycaon pictus into Etosha National Park, Namibia. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 25, 138-140
This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.
Use holding pens at release site prior to release of captive-bred mammals
A study in 1978–1990 on a savanna site in Namibia (Scheepers & Venzke 1995) found that released captive-bred or captive-reared African wild dogs Lycaon pictus held in a holding pen prior to release did not survive more than six months. None of 24 African wild dogs introduced at the site survived for more than six months. Causes of death included starvation, predation by lions Panthera leo and rabies. In 1978, 1989 and 1990, a total of 24 captive-bred wild dogs were released. In 1990, animals were held in an enclosure adjacent to the release site prior to release, and were vaccinated against rabies and canine distemper. While in the enclosure, wild dogs were fed daily and live springbok were released in the pen, so they could learn to hunt. Methods used for monitoring animals introduced in 1978 and 1989 were unclear. Animals introduced in 1990 were monitored for four months after release and, if dogs did not feed for 2–3 days, they were provided with a springbok carcass. The 1978 release was of captive-reared animals (details of whether or not they were born in captivity are not given). The 1989 and 1990 releases were of captive-bred animals.
(Summarised by Matt Rogan)