Conservation Evidence strives to be as useful to conservationists as possible. Please take our survey to help the team improve our resource.

Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Mule deer and cattle responses to a prescribed burn

Published source details

Roberts T.A. & Tiller R.L. (1985) Mule deer and cattle responses to a prescribed burn. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 13, 248-252


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Exclude livestock from semi-natural habitat (including woodland) Terrestrial Mammal Conservation

A controlled study in 1982–1984 on a shrubland site in California, USA (Roberts & Tiller 1985) found that inside a cattle-exclusion fence, there were more mule deer Odocoileus hemionus than there were outside it. This result was not tested for statistical significance. Over six sampling events, 192 faecal pellet clumps were counted inside the enclosure compared to 138 outside it. In June 1982, a prescribed burn was carried out across 4 ha of land. A 0.25-ha enclosure (cattle proof but not deer proof) was established on the burned area. Relative deer presence inside and outside the enclosure was assessed by counting pellet-groups in September 1982, February, August, and November 1983 and March and July 1984. Counts were made along 18 transects (5 m long) inside the enclosure and 18 outside the enclosure.

(Summarised by Nick Littlewood)