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Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Managing the ranging behaviour of African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) using translocated scent marks

Published source details

Jackson C.R., McNutt J.W. & Apps P.J. (2012) Managing the ranging behaviour of African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) using translocated scent marks. Wildlife Research, 39, 31-34


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Use scent to deter predation of livestock by mammals to reduce human-wildlife conflict Terrestrial Mammal Conservation

A study in 2008–2010 at a savanna reserve in Botswana (Jackson et al. 2012) found that applying scent marks from other African wild dogs Lycaon pictus at the reserve boundary caused resident wild dogs to return towards the centre of their range. Seven of eight scent mark applications were followed by wild dogs moving closer to the centre of their range within the reserve. An additional application, 24 h after initial applying scents, generated the same response on the eighth occasion. Wild dogs moved further in the day after application (average 7.2 km) than when no marks were applied (3.4 km). This response reduced movements onto neighbouring farmland and potential livestock depredation. Eighteen wild dogs were translocated to the reserve and released in April 2008. When they moved to the reserve boundary, 3–26 wild dog urine and faeces marks, brought from a different site, were applied 50–200 m from the pack. The pack was monitored, using GPS collars or visual observation, from September 2008 to February 2010.

(Summarised by Kayla Seltzer)