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Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Movements and home ranges of white-tailed deer in response to roadside fences

Published source details

Gulsby W.D., Stull D.W., Gallagher G.R., Osborn D.A., Warren R.J., Miller K.V. & Tannenbaum L.V. (2011) Movements and home ranges of white-tailed deer in response to roadside fences. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 35, 282-290


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Install barrier fencing along roads Terrestrial Mammal Conservation

A replicated, before-and-after study in 2009–2010 along a university campus road in Georgia, USA (Gulsby et al. 2011) found that a 2.4-m-high fence was more successful at preventing white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus accessing the road than was a 1.2-m-high fence with outriggers attached to the top. Fewer deer crossed the road in a section with 2.4-m-high fencing (<0.01 crossings/day) than in a section with 1.2-m-fence with 0.6-m outriggers (0.05 crossings/day). Before fence construction, deer made 0.3–1.0 crossings/day. In May–June 2009, a vertical wire fence (1.6 km long, 2.4-m-high) and an outrigger fence (1.6 km long, 1.2 m high with a 0.6-m-long outriggers at 45°, attached to the top and threaded with five wires) were erected. Between January 2009 and March 2010, movements of eight adult female deer were monitored using GPS collars. Four deer had home ranges that overlapping the 2.4-m-high fence and four overlapped the 1.2-m-high fence with outriggers.

(Summarised by Ricardo Rocha)