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Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: First soft-release of a relocated puma in South America

Published source details

Adania C.H., de Carvalho W.D., Rosalino L.M., Pereira J.D. & Crawshaw P.G. (2017) First soft-release of a relocated puma in South America. Mammal Research, 62, 121-128


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Rehabilitate injured, sick or weak mammals Terrestrial Mammal Conservation

A study in 2009–2012 in a forest area in São Paulo, Brazil (Adania et al. 2017) found that a rehabilitated puma Puma concolor released back into the wild survived for 14 months. Fourteen months after release, the rehabilitated puma was run over and found dead by a highway. The puma was healthy and the death resulted from the collision. A young male puma (approximately 12 months old) was rescued in September 2009 after being hit by a vehicle. It was kept and treated in a recovery enclosure (15 × 3 × 3 m). After 542 days, the puma had fully recovered and was transferred to a pre-release enclosure (35 × 30 × 5 m) in a forested mountainous area, 28 km from where it had been hit. It was radio-tagged and released after 34 days in the pre-release enclosure. The puma was tracked every 1–3 days from an ultra-light aircraft between February 2011 and April 2012.

(Summarised by Ricardo Rocha)