Study

Reducing bat fatalities at wind facilities while improving the economic efficiency of operational mitigation

  • Published source details Martin C.M., Arnett E.B., Stevens R.D. & Wallace M. (2017) Reducing bat fatalities at wind facilities while improving the economic efficiency of operational mitigation. Journal of Mammalogy, 98, 378-385

Actions

This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Increase the wind speed at which turbines become operational (‘cut-in speed’) to reduce bat fatalities

Action Link
Bat Conservation
  1. Increase the wind speed at which turbines become operational (‘cut-in speed’) to reduce bat fatalities

    A randomized, replicated, controlled study in 2012–2013 at a wind farm in Vermont USA (Martin et al. 2017) found that increasing the wind speed at which turbines become operational (‘cut-in speed’) at temperatures above 9.5°C resulted in fewer bat fatalities than at turbines with conventional cut-in speeds. The total number of bat fatalities was 62% lower at wind turbines with increased cut-in speeds (average 0.5 bats/turbine) than at fully operational turbines (1.4 bats/turbine). At treatment turbines, cut-in wind speeds were increased to 6 m/s when temperatures were >9.5°C. Fully operational control turbines had a cut-in wind speed of 4 m/s. In each year, eight of 16 turbines were randomly assigned the treatment for 60 nights. Daily fatality searches were carried out in June–September 2012 and 2013. Rectangular study plots around each turbine were searched using transects spaced 6 m apart. If applied to all turbines, it was estimated that the operational changes would result in annual energy losses of 1%.

Output references

What Works in Conservation

What Works in Conservation provides expert assessments of the effectiveness of actions, based on summarised evidence, in synopses. Subjects covered so far include amphibians, birds, terrestrial mammals, forests, peatland and control of freshwater invasive species. More are in progress.

More about What Works in Conservation

Download free PDF or purchase
The Conservation Evidence Journal

The Conservation Evidence Journal

An online, free to publish in, open-access journal publishing results from research and projects that test the effectiveness of conservation actions.

Read the latest volume: Volume 17

Go to the CE Journal

Subscribe to our newsletter

Please add your details if you are interested in receiving updates from the Conservation Evidence team about new papers, synopses and opportunities.

Who uses Conservation Evidence?

Meet some of the evidence champions

Endangered Landscape Programme Red List Champion - Arc Kent Wildlife Trust The Rufford Foundation Save the Frogs - Ghana Bern wood Supporting Conservation Leaders National Biodiversity Network Sustainability Dashboard Frog Life The international journey of Conservation - Oryx British trust for ornithology Cool Farm Alliance UNEP AWFA Butterfly Conservation People trust for endangered species Vincet Wildlife Trust