Study

Impacts of grazing on lowland heathland in north-west Europe

  • Published source details Newton A.C., Stewart G.B., Myers G., Diaz A., Lake S., Bullock J.M. & Pullin A.S. (2009) Impacts of grazing on lowland heathland in north-west Europe. Biological Conservation, 142, 935-947

Actions

This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Reinstate the use of traditional burning practices

Action Link
Shrubland and Heathland Conservation

Use cutting/mowing to mimic grazing

Action Link
Shrubland and Heathland Conservation

Increase number of livestock

Action Link
Shrubland and Heathland Conservation
  1. Reinstate the use of traditional burning practices

    A systematic review of five studies of the impact of prescribed burning on lowland heathland vegetation in North Western Europe (Newton et al. 2008) found that burning did not increase the cover of grass species, relative to heather species. There was no evidence of publication bias that would influence the outcomes of the systematic review. The systematic review summarised the impacts of burning at eight sites from five studies, four of which represented before-and-after trials. Of 266 potentially relevant references only five presented information on the impacts of burning that could be used by the systematic review.

  2. Use cutting/mowing to mimic grazing

    A systematic review of three studies of the impact of cutting on lowland heathland vegetation in North Western Europe (Newton et al. 2008) found that mowing did increase the cover of grass species, relative to heather species. There was no evidence of publication bias that would influence the outcomes of the systematic review. The systematic review summarised the impacts of cutting at eight sites from three studies, all of which represented before-and-after trials. Of 266 potentially relevant references only three presented information on the impacts of cutting that could be used by the systematic review.

  3. Increase number of livestock

    A systematic review of four studies of the impact of grazing on lowland heathland vegetation in North Western Europe (Newton et al. 2009) found that grazing increased the cover of grass species, relative to heather species. There was no evidence of publication bias that would influence the outcomes of the systematic review. The systematic review summarised the impacts of grazing at 15 sites from four studies, with 12 of the sites representing before-and-after trials and the remaining three representing site comparisons. Of 266 potentially relevant references only four presented information on the impacts of grazing that could be used by the systematic review.

Output references

What Works in Conservation

What Works in Conservation provides expert assessments of the effectiveness of actions, based on summarised evidence, in synopses. Subjects covered so far include amphibians, birds, terrestrial mammals, forests, peatland and control of freshwater invasive species. More are in progress.

More about What Works in Conservation

Download free PDF or purchase
The Conservation Evidence Journal

The Conservation Evidence Journal

An online, free to publish in, open-access journal publishing results from research and projects that test the effectiveness of conservation actions.

Read the latest volume: Volume 18

Go to the CE Journal

Subscribe to our newsletter

Please add your details if you are interested in receiving updates from the Conservation Evidence team about new papers, synopses and opportunities.

Who uses Conservation Evidence?

Meet some of the evidence champions

Endangered Landscape Programme Red List Champion - Arc Kent Wildlife Trust The Rufford Foundation Save the Frogs - Ghana Bern wood Supporting Conservation Leaders National Biodiversity Network Sustainability Dashboard Frog Life The international journey of Conservation - Oryx British trust for ornithology Cool Farm Alliance UNEP AWFA Butterfly Conservation People trust for endangered species Vincet Wildlife Trust