The effects of long time conservation of heavily grazed shrubland: a case study in the northern Negev, Israel

  • Published source details Leu S., Mussery A. & Budovsky A. (2014) The effects of long time conservation of heavily grazed shrubland: a case study in the northern Negev, Israel. Environmental Management, 54, 309-319.


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Reduce number of livestock

Action Link
Shrubland and Heathland Conservation
  1. Reduce number of livestock

    A controlled study in 1992–2008 in an arid shrubland in Israel (Leu et al. 2014) found that reducing goat numbers increased plant biomass after 16 years. Plant biomass was higher in areas with low goat numbers (0.16 kg/m2) when compared to nearby heavily grazed areas (0.07 kg/m2). In 1992 goat numbers were reduced at the site to <0.5 goats/ha. In 2008 fifteen quadrats measuring 20 cm x 30 cm were placed in both the light and heavily grazed areas and all vegetation was removed. Vegetation was dried for 48 hours at 60°C, then weighed to estimate biomass.

    (Summarised by: Phil Martin)

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