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Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Pan-African Sanctuary Alliance: Status and range of activities for great ape conservation

Published source details

Farmer K.H. (2002) Pan-African Sanctuary Alliance: Status and range of activities for great ape conservation. American Journal of Primatology, 58, 117-132


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Rehabilitate injured/orphaned primates Primate Conservation

A review in 1970-2001 on wild-born captive bonobos Pan paniscus, chimpanzees Pan troglodytes, and gorillas Gorilla spp. in 17 sanctuaries in 13 African countries found that bonobos did not produce offspring, but that overall reproductive rate of chimpanzees and gorillas in sanctuaries was 14% and 2%, respectively. In addition, 20% of great apes died prematurely. Only eight of the 17 sanctuaries in this study did not use birth control. Data were recorded with questionnaires distributed to sanctuary representatives via email. Only sanctuaries that were members of the Pan-African Sanctuary Alliance were included in the study. A total of 549 great apes were housed at the sanctuaries over the study period.