Study

Recovery of the Bird Community after a Mine Spill and Landscape Restoration of a Mediterranean River

  • Published source details Ontiveros D., Márquez-Ferrando R., Fernández-Cardenete J.R., Santos X., Caro J. & Pleguezuelos J.M. (2013) Recovery of the Bird Community after a Mine Spill and Landscape Restoration of a Mediterranean River. Restoration Ecology, 21, 193-199

Actions

This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Other biodiversity: Restore habitat along watercourses

Action Link
Mediterranean Farmland
  1. Other biodiversity: Restore habitat along watercourses

    A replicated site comparison in 2001–2009 in riparian forest along the Guadiamar and Alcarayón Rivers, Spain, found a similar number of birds and bird species in restored sites and uncontaminated sites. Birds: Similar numbers of birds and bird species were found in restored and uncontaminated sites (24 vs 20 species; 76 vs 87 individuals). Implementation options: More birds were found eight years after restoration, compared to one year (2009 vs 2001: 102 vs 67 individuals/10 ha), but there was not a significant difference in the number of bird species (71 vs 45). Methods: Riparian areas along the Guadiamar River were contaminated by heavy metals from a mine accident in 1998. Sites were restored from 1998–2001 by planting native trees and shrubs and removing exotic and cultivated plants. Birds were surveyed along seven transects (8 km long and 2 km apart) in 2001–2006 and 2009 (winter: 15 October–15 February; breeding season: 15 April–15 June) in restored sites and a non-contaminated site (10 km away, along the Alcarayón River, in 2004–2006). These surveys were compared with data from before the contamination (bird atlas).

     

Output references

What Works in Conservation

What Works in Conservation provides expert assessments of the effectiveness of actions, based on summarised evidence, in synopses. Subjects covered so far include amphibians, birds, terrestrial mammals, forests, peatland and control of freshwater invasive species. More are in progress.

More about What Works in Conservation

Download free PDF or purchase
The Conservation Evidence Journal

The Conservation Evidence Journal

An online, free to publish in, open-access journal publishing results from research and projects that test the effectiveness of conservation actions.

Read latest volume: Volume 17

Go to the CE Journal

Subscribe to our newsletter

Please add your details if you are interested in receiving updates from the Conservation Evidence team about new papers, synopses and opportunities.

Who uses Conservation Evidence?

Meet some of the evidence champions

Endangered Landscape Programme Red List Champion - Arc Kent Wildlife Trust The Rufford Foundation Save the Frogs - Ghana Bern wood Supporting Conservation Leaders National Biodiversity Network Sustainability Dashboard Frog Life The international journey of Conservation - Oryx British trust for ornithology Cool Farm Alliance UNEP AWFA Butterfly Conservation People trust for endangered species Vincet Wildlife Trust