Study

Studies of the feasibility of re-creating chalk grassland vegetation on ex-arable land. 2. Germination and early survivorship of seedlings under different management regimes

  • Published source details Hutchings M.J. & Booth K.D. (1996) Studies of the feasibility of re-creating chalk grassland vegetation on ex-arable land. 2. Germination and early survivorship of seedlings under different management regimes. Journal of Applied Ecology, 33, 1182-1190.

Actions

This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Remove vegetation before seeding/planting

Action Link
Grassland Conservation

Mow before or after seeding/planting

Action Link
Grassland Conservation
  1. Remove vegetation before seeding/planting

    A replicated, randomized, controlled study in 1986 in a former arable field in Sussex, UK (Hutchings & Booth 1996) found that removing vegetation before sowing seeds increased the germination of four grassland plant species compared to sowing without vegetation removal. The average percentage of seeds that germinated for four grassland plant species was higher in plots where vegetation was removed and seeds sown (7.0–45.5%) than in plots where seeds were sown but vegetation was not removed (0.1–1.8%). In April 1986, all vegetation was removed (cut at ground level) from twenty 7 x 5 m plots, and seeds were sown of either Achillea millefolium, Pimpinella saxifraga, Plantago media or Scabiosa columbaria (five plots sown/species). In twenty other plots, seeds were sown but vegetation was not removed. Plots were monitored for seed germination every 1–2 weeks until September 1986.

    (Summarised by: Philip Martin)

  2. Mow before or after seeding/planting

    A replicated, randomized, controlled study in 1986 in a former arable field in Sussex, UK (Hutchings & Booth 1996) found that cutting vegetation before sowing seeds increased the germination of four grassland plant species compared to sowing without cutting. The average percentage of seeds that germinated for four grassland plant species was higher in plots where vegetation was cut and seeds sown (5.8–21.0%) than in plots where seeds were sown but vegetation was not cut (0.1–1.8%). In April 1986, vegetation was cut to a height of 3 cm in twenty 7 x 5 m plots, and seeds were sown of either Achillea millefolium, Pimpinella saxifraga, Plantago media or Scabiosa columbaria (five plots sown/species). In twenty other plots, seeds were sown but vegetation was not cut. Plots were monitored for seed germination every 1–2 weeks until September 1986.

    (Summarised by: Philip Martin)

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