Conservation Evidence strives to be as useful to conservationists as possible. Please take our survey to help the team improve our resource.

Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Impacts of summer versus winter logging on understory vegetation in the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest

Published source details

Wolf A.T., Parker L., Fewless G., Corio K., Sundance J., Howe R. & Gentry H. (2008) Impacts of summer versus winter logging on understory vegetation in the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest. Forest ecology and management, 254, 35-45


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Use summer instead of winter harvesting Forest Conservation

A replicated study in 2002-2006 in temperate mixed forest in Wisconsin, USA (Wolf et al. 2008) found no effect of logging season on plant species richness and diversity. Plant species richness/plot (winter-logged: 71-103; summer-logged: 70-99) and Shannon's index of diversity (winter-logged: 5.5-6.0; summer-logged: 5.5-6.0) were similar between treatments.  Five plots (100 × 250 m) were logged in 2002-2005 to retained 16-19 m2/ha basal area in summer (June - October) and winter (November – March). Data were collected in May-September 2006 in 60 plots (2 × 2 m) in each treatment plot.