Impacts of summer versus winter logging on understory vegetation in the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest

  • Published source details Wolf A.T., Parker L., Fewless G., Corio K., Sundance J., Howe R. & Gentry H. (2008) Impacts of summer versus winter logging on understory vegetation in the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest. Forest ecology and management, 254, 35-45.


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Use summer instead of winter harvesting

Action Link
Forest Conservation
  1. Use summer instead of winter harvesting

    A replicated study in 2002-2006 in temperate mixed forest in Wisconsin, USA (Wolf et al. 2008) found no effect of logging season on plant species richness and diversity. Plant species richness/plot (winter-logged: 71-103; summer-logged: 70-99) and Shannon's index of diversity (winter-logged: 5.5-6.0; summer-logged: 5.5-6.0) were similar between treatments.  Five plots (100 × 250 m) were logged in 2002-2005 to retained 16-19 m2/ha basal area in summer (June - October) and winter (November – March). Data were collected in May-September 2006 in 60 plots (2 × 2 m) in each treatment plot.


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