Restoration of pasture to forest in Brazil's Mata Atlantica: the roles of herbivory, seedling defenses, and plot design in reforestation

  • Published source details Massad T.J., Chambers J.Q., Rolim S.G., Jesus R.M. & Dyer L.A. (2011) Restoration of pasture to forest in Brazil's Mata Atlantica: the roles of herbivory, seedling defenses, and plot design in reforestation. Restoration Ecology, 19, 257-267.


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Use different planting or seeding methods

Action Link
Forest Conservation
  1. Use different planting or seeding methods

    A replicated, controlled study in 2004-2008 in tropical forest in Brazil (Massad et al. 2011) found that planting early succession pioneer tree species decreased the height of the other planted species. Seedlings were taller in plots without pioneer species (no pioneers planted: 269 cm; pioneers planted: 243 cm). In 2004, thirty six plots (50 × 50 m) were planted with 4–9 tree-seedlings/m2. Half of the plots were planted with seedlings of 120 non-pioneer tree species and half of the plots were also planted with 2-4 pioneer species. Data were collected in 2008. All plots were cleared and then abandoned in 1990.


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