Effects of retention felling on epixylic species in boreal spruce forests in southern Finland

  • Published source details Hautala H., Laaka‐Lindberg S. & Vanha‐Majamaa I. (2011) Effects of retention felling on epixylic species in boreal spruce forests in southern Finland. Restoration Ecology, 19, 418-429.


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Use soil scarification or ploughing to enhance germination

Action Link
Forest Conservation
  1. Use soil scarification or ploughing to enhance germination

    A replicated, before-and-after study in 1998-2000 in boreal Norway spruce Picea abies forest in Finland (Hautala, Laaka-Lindberg & Vanha-Majamaa 2011) found that soil scarification after tree felling decreased the cover and number of plant species that living on the surface of wood (epixylic species). The cover of all epixylic species groups were lower after scarification (vascular plants: before 0.8%, after 0.0%; bryophytes: before 7.0%, after 2.5%; lichens: before 1.1%, after 0.4%). The same was true for the total number of epixylic species (before: 2; after: 1/plot). Epixylic species were monitored before (1999) and after soil scarification in 2000, in approximately 500 plots (200 cm2) marked on 66 logs in an area that was clear-felled in 1998.

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