Individual study: Hormonal induction of spermatozoa from amphibians with Rana temporaria and Bufo bufo as anuran models
Uteshev V.K., Shishova N.V., Kaurova S.A., Browne R.K. & Gakhova E.N. (2012) Hormonal induction of spermatozoa from amphibians with Rana temporaria and Bufo bufo as anuran models. Reproduction, Fertility and Development, 24, 599–607
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Use hormone treatment to induce sperm and egg release during captive breeding
A replicated, controlled study in 2011 of captive amphibians in Russia (Uteshev et al. 2012) found that the greatest sperm production was induced with high dose lutenizing hormone-releasing hormone-a (LHRHa) for common frogs Rana temporaria and priming with LHRHa prior to human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) for common toads Bufo bufo. In common frogs, 1.2 μg/g bodyweight LHRHa induced significantly higher sperm numbers (650 x 106/ml) than pituitary extract (485 x 106) or 0.12 μg/g LHRHa (444 x 106), which produced significantly higher numbers than 23 IU/g hCG (170 x 106) and 12 IU/g hCG (39 x 106). High dose LHRHa had the highest percentage of samples with sperm concentrations above 200 x 106/ml (high LHRH: 40%; pituitaries: 36%; low LHRH: 15%; hCG: 0%). Sperm motility was similar with all treatments (76–90%). Priming common toads resulted in significantly higher numbers (11.6 x 106 vs 8.0 x 106/ml) and quality of sperm (motility: 85 vs 73%), but not higher sperm concentration (1.5 x 106 vs 1.8 x 106/ml). Four wild-caught frogs received each of the five hormone injection treatments. There were also 10 controls. Four wild-caught toads were primed with 0.13 μg/g LHRHa 24 hours before receiving 13 IU/g hCG; controls received only the second dose. Spermic urine was monitored.