Individual study: Results of a habitat restoration study on retired agricultural lands in the San Joaquin Valley, California
Uptain C.E., Garcia K.R., Ritter N.P., Basso G., Newman D.P. & Hurlbert S.H. (2005) Results of a habitat restoration study on retired agricultural lands in the San Joaquin Valley, California. Pages 107-175 in: Land Retirement Demonstration Project five year report. US Department of the Interior, Interagency Land Retirement Team, Fresno, California.
This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.
A before-and-after study in 1999–2003 of retired agricultural land in California, USA (Uptain et al. 2005) found that upland habitat restored by seeding and transplanting native plant species was colonized by western toads Bufo boreas. The species was recorded annually from 2000 and was the only amphibian observed. In 1999, native plants were introduced to 20 plots (4 ha) in randomized blocks by either seeding or transplanting, with or without surface contouring. Visual encounter surveys (circular plots and transects) and artificial coverboard surveys (4/plot) were undertaken four times annually.