Reintroduction of the natterjack toad in the UK

  • Published source details Griffiths R.A., McGrath A. & Buckley J. (2010) Reintroduction of the natterjack toad in the UK. Pages 62-65 in: Global Re-introduction Perspectives: 2010. Additional case studies from around the globe. IUCN/SSC Re-introduction Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland.


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Translocate natterjack toads

Action Link
Amphibian Conservation
  1. Translocate natterjack toads

    A review of 29 translocation programmes for the natterjack toad Bufo calamita in the UK (Griffiths, McGrath & Buckley 2010) found that 19 of 27 translocations (70%) that could be assessed were successful in the short to medium term, with adults returning to breed successfully and self-sustaining populations established at some sites. Re-establishing toads on dune or saltmarshes was more successful than on heathland (85 vs 57% success). Translocations have resulted in populations of over 200 adults at some sites, although at other sites populations have remained small. The 10 translocations since 2000 have resulted in an increase of known natterjack sites from about 40 in 1970 to 69 in 2010. Between 1975 and 2010, toads were translocated to 29 sites. Reintroductions were mainly through translocation of eggs and tadpoles from existing populations. In some cases, head-starting of tadpoles and captive breeding was also undertaken. Habitat management has also been undertaken at some sites. Since 1985 all populations have been monitored annually.


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