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Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Using volunteer monitoring programs for anuran conservation along a rural-urban gradient in southern Michigan, USA

Published source details

Genet K.S., Lepczyk C.A., Christoffel R.A., Sargent L.G. & Burton T.M. (2008) Using volunteer monitoring programs for anuran conservation along a rural-urban gradient in southern Michigan, USA. in: Urban Herpetology. SSAR, Salt Lake City.


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Engage volunteers to collect amphibian data (citizen science) Amphibian Conservation

A study in 1996–2003 of the Michigan Frog and Toad Survey in the USA (Genet et al. 2008) found that volunteers collected annual amphibian data for over 3,000 wetlands across Michigan. Between 255 and 350 routes were monitored by volunteers each year, each of which included 10 wetland sites. The programme was started in 1996 to collect data and to educate and raise awareness of amphibians and their habitats. Volunteers throughout the state monitored routes that included 10 wetlands separated by 400 m. These were surveyed using call surveys at night, three times in spring–summer.