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Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Keeping and breeding the midwife toad (Alytes obstetricans) in captivity

Published source details

Billings D. (1991) Keeping and breeding the midwife toad (Alytes obstetricans) in captivity. British Herpetological Society Bulletin, 35, 12-16


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Captive breeding toads Amphibian Conservation

A small, replicated study in 1988–1990 of captive common midwife toads Alytes obstetricans in Norfolk, UK (Billings 1991) found that nine egg strings were produced from two captive females. Strings contained 14–32 eggs, less than three per batch were infertile. Toadlets were observed leaving the water from at least the first five batches. One female was introduced to a number of males in 1988 and 1990. Toads were housed in an outdoor enclosure (120 x 75 cm) with sandy soil, wood, plants and a small pool. Tadpoles were moved to separate tanks.