Conservation Evidence strives to be as useful to conservationists as possible. Please take our survey to help the team improve our resource.

Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Prevention strategies for field traffic-induced subsoil compaction: a review. Part 2. Equipment and field practices

Published source details

Chamen T., Alakukku L., Pires S., Sommer C., Spoor G., Tijink F. & Weisskopf P. (2003) Prevention strategies for field traffic-induced subsoil compaction: a review. Part 2. Equipment and field practices. Soil and Tillage Research, 73, 161-174


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Control traffic and traffic timing Soil Fertility

A review of 37 studies covering countries in the European Union (Chamen et al. 2003) found that controlled traffic with precision guidance can avoid compacting soil in a cropped area. Changing tyre load and tyre inflation achieved reduced risk of compaction. Studies showed that compaction was reduced on-farm by avoiding working the soil in wet conditions, adjusting to out-of-furrow ploughing (i.e. not ploughing repeatedly along the same lines), confining the compaction to particular areas (such as tracks outside the cropping area), reduced loosening of topsoil and subsoil, and the use of equipment with low ground pressure.