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Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Waterbird deterrence at oil spills and other hazardous sites: potential applications of a radar-activated on-demand deterrence system

Published source details

Ronconi R.A., St Clair C.C., O'Hara P.D., Burger A.E., Day R.H. & Cooper B.A. (2004) Waterbird deterrence at oil spills and other hazardous sites: potential applications of a radar-activated on-demand deterrence system. Marine Ornithology, 32, 25-33


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Use visual and acoustic ‘scarers’ to deter birds from landing on pools polluted by mining or sewage Bird Conservation

A literature review (Ronconi et al. 2004) suggests that the use of radar-activated deterrent systems both increases effectiveness at deterring waterbirds at contaminated sites and reduces the cost necessary (compared to conventional methods) to achieve success.