Conservation Evidence strives to be as useful to conservationists as possible. Please take our survey to help the team improve our resource.

Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Eradication of European rabbits Oryctolagus cuniculus appears to increase Gould’s petrel Pterodroma leucoptera leucoptera breeding success, productivity and population size

Published source details

Priddel D. & Carlile N. (2007) Population size and breeding success of Gould's Petrel Pterodroma leucoptera leucoptera on Cabbage Tree Island, New South Wales: 1996-97 to 2005-06. Corella, 31, 79-82


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Control or remove habitat-altering mammals Bird Conservation

A before-and-after study on Cabbage Tree Island, southeast Australia (Priddel & Carlile 2007) found that the population of Gould’s petrel Pterodroma leucoptera leucoptera has increased since the eradication of European rabbits Oryctolagus cuniculus in the austral winter of 1997, with more breeding pairs (186-599 pairs in 1989-97, before rabbit eradication vs. 818–1025 pairs in 1997-2006, after eradication), higher breeding success (17–59% success, average of 33% vs. 46–57%, average of 51%) and more fledglings produced (31-331 fledglings/year vs. 374-488 fledglings/year). Rabbit removal (by sequential epidemics of myxomatosis, rabbit haemorrhagic disease and brodifacoum application) was, however, only one of several conservation interventions and the conservation of Gould’s petrels is also discussed in ‘Provide artificial nesting sites’, ‘Provide supplementary food’, ‘Translocate individuals’, ‘Artificially incubate and hand-rear birds in captivity’, ‘Remove problematic vegetation’ and ‘Control avian predators on islands’.