Colored rodent baits and their value in safeguarding birds

  • Published source details Kalmbach E.R. & Welch J.F. (1946) Colored rodent baits and their value in safeguarding birds. Journal of Wildlife Management, 10, 353-360.


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Use coloured baits to reduce accidental mortality during predator control

Action Link
Bird Conservation
  1. Use coloured baits to reduce accidental mortality during predator control

    A review of three replicated, controlled trials in Day County, South Dakota, USA, and another in Routt County, Colorado (Kalmbach & Welch 1946), in 1945, found that bird assemblages (mainly songbirds and doves) took a higher proportion of uncoloured grain (88% taken) than of yellow (73%) or green (23%) grain, and when uncoloured was not available, birds took more yellow (87% and 15% in two sites) than green (39% and 9%). In addition, more dead birds were found with uncoloured poison grain in their stomachs than with yellow. Very few birds were found with green grain.

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