Conservation Evidence strives to be as useful to conservationists as possible. Please take our survey to help the team improve our resource.

Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Five-gallon plastic bucket: an inexpensive wood duck nesting structure

Published source details

Griffith M.A. & Fendley T.T. (1981) Five-gallon plastic bucket: an inexpensive wood duck nesting structure. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 45, 281-284


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Provide artificial nesting sites for wildfowl Bird Conservation

A replicated study in 1978 in a forested marshland site in South Carolina, USA (Griffith & Fendley 1981), found that wood ducks Aix sponsa used 89% of 55 nest boxes erected between 1974 and 1978. Five-gallon plastic buckets were used slightly more often than wooden nest boxes and ‘fiber cylinders’ (95% of 20 buckets used, compared with 86% of 35 boxes and cylinders). Hatching rates did not vary between nest types, with 28% of the 847 eggs laid being predated or deserted and 79% of the remaining 608 eggs hatching. Bucket nests were five-gallon buckets with a 7.6 cm diameter entrance hole and a secured lid. All nests were placed at a variety of heights and in a variety of vegetation types.