Wintering waterbird use of two aquatic plant habitats in a southern reservoir

  • Published source details Benedict R.J. & Hepp G.R. (2000) Wintering waterbird use of two aquatic plant habitats in a southern reservoir. Journal of Wildlife Management, 64, 269-278.


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Reduce adverse habitat alterations by excluding problematic aquatic species

Action Link
Bird Conservation
  1. Reduce adverse habitat alterations by excluding problematic aquatic species

    A replicated, paired study in the winters of 1993-1995 in six sites in an open-water refuge in Alabama, USA (Benedict & Hepp 2000) found that waterbird density in October was higher in plots with grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella excluded, but that birds moved to plots with carp present over the winter. Exclusion plots had higher levels of native vegetation (dominated by muskgrass Chara spp. and sago pondweed Potamogeton pectinatus) but birds left as this became depleted. Control plots were dominated by (non-native) milfoil Myriophyllum spicatum. Exclusion plots were established to re-establish native species using netting (1.27 cm2 mesh, 1.2 m tall) held in place by buoyant ropes and weighted with steel rods to create 0.1 ha plots (25 x 50 m). Identical plots (without netting) were created (? 25 m away from the native plot) in areas of 100% milfoil coverage.


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