Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Arable fields with no pesticides or fertilisers had a greater diversity of carabids than fields with conventional chemical applications in Austria

Published source details

Kromp B. (1989) Carabid beetle communities (Carabidae, coleoptera) in biologically and conventionally farmed agroecosystems. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 27, 241-251


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Reduce fertilizer, pesticide or herbicide use generally Farmland Conservation

A replicated study on five arable fields in Austria (Kromp 1989) found that fields with no pesticides (fungicides or herbicides) or fertilizers had a greater diversity of ground beetles (Carabidae) than those with conventional chemical applications. Wheat fields with no spraying had greater numbers of ground beetle species (43-50 species) and individuals (5-6 individuals/trap/day) than those that received conventional pesticide and fertilizer applications (species: 38-40, individuals: 2-3/trap/day). Conventionally farmed sugar beet Beta vulgaris fields had similar numbers to conventional winter wheat (1/trap/day). Fields differed in terms of weed control (mechanical or herbicides), disease control (none or fungicides) and manuring (green/compost/stone meal or mineral). One or two wheat and/or sugar beet fields were under each treatment in 1982 and 1983. Invertebrates were sampled using a line of 6-10 pitfall traps in the centre of each field from May-July.