Individual study: Investing in monitoring and evaluation: an overview of practical approaches to biodiversity monitoring of agri-environment schemes
Feehan J. (2003) Investing in monitoring and evaluation: an overview of practical approaches to biodiversity monitoring of agri-environment schemes. Tearmann, 3, 17-26
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Pay farmers to cover the cost of conservation measures (as in agri-environment schemes)
A 2003 review of monitoring of agri-environment schemes in Europe (Feehan 2003) described long-term monitoring results (three years or more) for three agri-environment programmes in the UK, Ireland and the Netherlands. Some wildlife benefits were found for two of the three programmes: the Dutch Natuurbeheer (Kleijn et al. 2001 -study described under ‘Reduce management intensity on permanent grasslands’) and the UK Environmentally Sensitive Areas Scheme (Critchley et al. 2004, McEvoy et al. 2006), but not for the third scheme (the Irish Rural Environment Protection Scheme (Feehan et al. 2005)). The benefits were not always aligned with the scheme objectives.
Kleijn D., Berendse F., Smit R. & Gilissen N. (2001) Agri-environment schemes do not effectively protect biodiversity in Dutch agricultural landscapes. Nature, 413, 723-725.