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Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Forage for Bees in an Agricultural Landscape

Published source details

Engels W., Schulz U. & Radle M. (1994) Forage for Bees in an Agricultural Landscape. Pages 57-65 in: Use of the Tubingen mix for bee pasture in Germany. International Bee Research Association, Cardiff.


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Plant dedicated floral resources on farmland Bee Conservation

Engels et al. (1994) planted three strips of the commercially available Tubingen nectar and pollen mixture (40% phacelia, 25% buckwheat Fagopyron esculentum) at the edge of an arable field in Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany, over two years. Two strips were sown only in the first year, one strip was sown in both years. They recorded 58 species of wild bee either nesting in grooved board wooden nest boxes or foraging on the plots, including 11 species of true bumblebee Bombus spp. and five species of cuckoo bumblebee Bombus [Psithyrus] spp. Thirty-five bee species foraged on flowers from the Tubingen mixture.