Individual study: Effects of grazing on nesting by upland sandpipers Bartramia longicauda in southcentral North Dakota, USA
Bowen B.S. & Kruse A.D. (1993) Effects of grazing on nesting by upland sandpipers in southcentral North Dakota. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 57, 291-301
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Employ grazing in natural grasslands
A replicated controlled study at three grassland sites in North Dakota, USA (Bowen & Kruse 1993), found that upland sandpiper Bartramia longicauda nesting density was lower in areas grazed by cattle during the nesting season, but there was little evidence that grazing treatments outside the breeding season influenced nest success. From 1981 to 1987, cattle grazing treatments were each applied to a field in each of the three study areas: spring grazing, autumn grazing, autumn-and-spring grazing, season-long grazing, and ungrazed.