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Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Nest box provision for lesser kestrel Falco naumanni populations in the Apulia region of southern Italy

Published source details

Bux M., Giglio G. & Gustin M. (2008) Nest box provision for lesser kestrel Falco naumanni populations in the Apulia region of southern Italy. Conservation Evidence, 5, 58-61


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Provide artificial nesting sites for falcons Bird Conservation

A replicated, controlled trial in five towns in Apulia, southern Italy (Bux et al. 2008), found that lesser kestrels Falco naumanni nested in artificial nest boxes in the first two years after installation. Two hundred nest boxes were placed on flat roofs in 2007, 8% were occupied in 2007 and 17.5% used in 2008. Nest box breeders fledged an average of 1.8 chicks/clutch in 2007 (17 clutches), similar to pairs nesting in attics (1.7 chicks/clutch for 18 clutches) but significantly lower than pairs nesting in wall cavities (2.7 chicks/clutch for ten clutches). Productivity was lower in 2008 (1.5 chicks fledged/clutch, 35 clutches) but no comparison was possible with other nest types.