Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Providing supplementary food as a conservation initiative for twite Carduelis flavirostris breeding in the South Pennines near Littleborough, West Yorkshire, England

Published source details

Raine A. (2004) Providing supplementary food as a conservation initiative for twite Carduelis flavirostris breeding in the South Pennines near Littleborough, West Yorkshire, England. Conservation Evidence, 1, 26-28


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Provide supplementary food for birds or mammals Farmland Conservation

A study at a farmland site in northwest England between January 2003 and February 2004 (Raine 2004b) used an identical procedure to (Raine 2004a) at a site 12.6 km away and found that twite Carduelis flavirostris used the supplementary feeding station frequently outside the breeding season, with up to 150 birds being seen at once. However, twite used the station far less during the breeding season, when they relied more on wild seeds. A large number of birds from near the feeding station in (Raine 2004a) and colonies up to 20 km away used the feeding station, as well as birds from the two nearby colonies (each approximately 1.5 km away and 20-30 birds). This study was part of the same experimental set-up as (Raine 2004a, Raine 2004c).

 

Provide supplementary food for songbirds to increase adult survival Bird Conservation

A study at a farmland site in northwest England between January 2003 and February 2004 (Raine 2004) used an identical feeding procedure to Raine 2004 at a site 12.6 km away and found that twite Carduelis flavirostris used the supplementary feeding station frequently outside the breeding season, with up to 150 birds being seen at once. However, twite used the station far less during the breeding season, when they relied more on wild seeds. A large number of birds from near the feeding station in (23) and colonies up to 20 km away used the feeding station, as well as birds from the two nearby colonies (each approximately 1.5 km away and 20-30 birds).